New York Times, September 29, 2013
Steven Hill, an author who is considered the architect of San Francisco’s instant runoff voting law, said that minority candidates had fared better in instant runoff elections. When the city held separate runoff elections — which took place in December because there are no party primaries for local offices — the voters who turned out tended to be white, and wealthier and older than those who voted in November, Mr. Hill said.
“It leveled the playing field for the demographics that were being hurt by a low-turnout runoff,” he said.
From: “High-Cost Runoff for Public Advocate’s Post Prompts Calls for Reform,” by Kate Taylor, New York Times